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In his youth, Frederick was more interested in music and philosophy than the art of war.He defied his authoritarian father, Frederick William I, and sought to run away with his close friend Hans Hermann von Katte.

Prussia had greatly increased its territories and became a leading military power in Europe under his rule.

He became known as Frederick the Great ( ("Old Fritz") by the Prussian people.

His most significant accomplishments during his reign included his military victories, his reorganization of Prussian armies, his patronage of the arts and the Enlightenment in Prussia, and his final success against great odds in the Seven Years' War.

Frederick was the last titled King in Prussia and declared himself King of Prussia after achieving full sovereignty for all historical Prussian lands.

They were caught at the border and King Frederick William I nearly executed his son for desertion.